|Intelligent Systems And Their Societies||Walter Fritz|
In geometry the problem of a definition of concepts existed and was resolved thousands of years ago. A system of artificial concepts was created, for instance "line", "angle"; concepts for which no counterpart existed in nature. There are no absolutely straight lines with zero width in our environment. Nevertheless these concepts are very useful. They permit, for instance, that the concept of "triangle" and its properties can be derived. Now we can say, although there are no triangles in our environment, insofar as an object is similar to a triangle, it also has the properties of a triangle. We can predict some properties of this "near triangle" in nature (for instance its center of gravity).
We propose to do the same with societies. A man can be an employee, a father, a biological system, but as far as he is making decisions and acting, he has the properties of an IS. Societies consist of persons that are making decisions and that act. Therefore we will propose a definition of the concept "society", based on intelligent systems. This concept will help us to understand human societies and to calculate certain properties. Please note that we are not looking for a correct or false concept of "society", we are merely looking for a useful concept, one that permits us to predict transformations in societies.
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