|Intelligent Systems And Their Societies||Walter Fritz|
The most efficient way to manage a big organization seems to be the modern corporation. Present governments, on the other hand are ineffective and wasteful. Let's see what happens when we apply most principles of a corporation, with a board of directors, a chief executive officer and shareholders, to the municipality.
The Municipal Corporations
As you have seen in "Discussion Groups" citizens of a municipality form discussion groups, elect a person well known to them as their representative at the next level discussion group, until the highest level discussion group has been elected.
This discussion group is the board of directors of the Municipal Executive Corporation. At the same time it is also the board of directors of the Municipal Legislative Corporation and of the Municipal Judiciary Corporation. By the way, these three should have offices in different locations.
We have three corporations so that the political power is divided. None of them has absolute power. Each has a different function that is needed in government. "Division of political power"
Each of the boards of directors then selects the chief executive officer of their corporation. If possible this should be one of the group. Those of the legislative and judiciary corporations need to have their legal studies finalized. If none of the directors qualify, they have to elect a person outside their group. Directors have to present candidates to the board, which in turn will hold meetings until they know the candidate well. Only then can the board choose their executive officer.
In all voting, at all levels of government, each representative has not one vote but the amount of votes she/he represents. Elections at all levels shall be for four years with reelection only after an interval.
Municipal Executive Corporation
The chief executive officer of this corporation is called the mayor. The main duties and functions of the mayor are:
The Value Added Tax
The value added tax (VAT) seems to be the best tax to choose as the single income of government since it is easily controlled. You might ask: "Why should the municipality collect this tax instead of the central government?" Because "He, who has the money, has the stick" and we want to have the power at the lowest level of government and not at the highest. In this way the person owns the municipality and the municipality owns higher levels of government. And not the other way around. "The individual owns the government"
See details in: The Value Added Tax (Enter for continuous reading, like a book)..
Education at schools should transmit knowledge, but equally important, they should teach how to learn, how to think, and that the children understand, respect and protect their society. This should be done in surroundings of fun and games. The selection of schools and courses should be free; the person has the final decision about the services she/he buys.
Municipal Legislative Corporation
The chief executive officer of this corporation is called the Municipal Legislator.
The board of directors establishes what percentage of the tax income of the executive corporation is transferred to the legislative corporation (At the municipal level the highest discussion group is the common board of directors of the Executive, Legislative, and Judiciary Corporations). The Municipal Legislator and his office shall create municipal laws (or subcontract this activity).
Laws should give complete freedom to every person to act as he/she pleases, as long as this does not hinder other persons to do what they want to do "Liberty to do whatever you wish". All laws are only details of what this means in a specific case.
Laws at the municipal level have to be approved by a high percentage of the votes of the board of directors, so that there are only few laws.
All laws should be valid for a limited time span. After that they shall be improved and voted again. The legislator should write the laws clear enough, so that it would be difficult to misunderstand them. There shall be no punishments to enterprises but only to the person that acted in the name of the enterprise. Also there should be no crimes against abstract concepts such as "government" but only against specific persons or property. All judgments have to be based on laws existing at the moment of the (supposed) crime.
There shall be free movement of persons, goods, money, and ideas. The creation of subsocieties within the municipality shall be allowed as well as multi-municipal, multi-provincial and multi-national and other societies.
Municipal laws shall have the following functions:
Municipal Judiciary Corporation
The chief executive officer of this corporation is called the Municipal Judge. He will hire further judges and rent offices. The judges will have to have their law studies completed, unless the municipality is so small that there are no such persons. In that case the Municipal Judge will do the job himself or select any seemingly competent person to help.
Contracting for the services of higher level government
Each of the three municipal executives, The Mayor, the Municipal Judge and the Municipal legislator will contract for and pay the services of higher level government in their branch. That shall be done only for those services that cannot be done at the municipal level "Do it yourself, whenever possible".
In the above we have seen how each of the basic principles is realized by the proposed, and hopefully better, government. This type of municipality should give a better service to the community.
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