Intelligent Systems And Their Societies Walter Fritz

The Objectives Of Humans


Darwin has shown the mechanisms of the evolution of species in detail. Here is a very short summary.

Some of those individuals of a species that have objectives, properties, or habits that do not further their survival, will perish in some difficult moment. This is because they will devote part of their energies, urgently needed for their survival, to other objectives. Or, they have properties or habits that make their survival more difficult.

Since many of these individuals perish before finishing their reproductive period, the species in the future will have fewer individuals of this type. On the other hand, individuals better capable of survival, will have on the average, more offspring and thus a higher percentage of the species will be made up of them. By this, the species itself is better able to survive.

Is it also true for human beings that their main objective is the survival of the species? Certainly, the average human being is not conscious of any such objective. But when we observe humans, we can observe the following second level objectives, which all seem to help to reach the main objective: survival of the species. We want:

To do all the above, we choose even lower level objectives. Let's look at some examples: So we see that the objectives we can observe in human beings all point to survival as the main, though unconscious, human objective. Reaching these lesser objectives helps us in reaching our main objective. That is, there is a pyramid of objectives where the lesser level objectives act as guidelines for obtaining the higher objective, and finally the main objective.

It seems that the objectives that we can observe in a sane or average person are nearly always those that in some way aid the survival of the individual. A species needs surviving individuals to survive itself. So finally, the temporary objectives that a person chooses are those needed for the main objective, the survival of the species.

A few hundred years ago, the relation of sub-objectives with survival was obvious. A person worked all the waking hours of the day, just to survive. Today we do not need to work as much for our survival and have a lot of free time. In principle we could choose any objective during this free time. However, we still observe that most of the objectives that are chosen are connected to survival in some way.

Generally we obtain most of our objectives with relative ease. But even so, there are always some objectives which we have not momentarily attained. It is interesting to observe that the attention of an individual is always centered on the one objective that it has not attained: it forgets all other objectives.
In the far future most human objectives may no longer be survival based. Given this, it may very well be that this allows the human species to become extinct.

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Last Edited 6 Mar. 06 / Walter Fritz
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