|Intelligent Systems And Their Societies||Walter Fritz|
Let us look at some of the more famous views of the world, namely Idealism, Realism, Nominalism, Materialism, Empiricism, Rationalism, and Skepticism.
When reading about each one, each view of the world appears reasonable. Nevertheless, once we have read them all, we realize that they contradict each other. It seems that they cannot all be true. What happens when we review these views, considering what we now know about ISs? See: Intelligent Systems (For continuous reading, like a book - do not enter here now). Let us be more specific. Which view would be the most appropriate for the artificial IS? Once we have established an answer, is this view also reasonable for human beings? To do this, let us review the fundamental posture of each philosophy, by expressing that posture with our concepts:
So, what is our conclusion? We find that much is true in the ancient philosophies, and that their different points of view result mainly from vague definitions of "reality", whether this means mind only, environment only, or mind and environment and of definitions of words such as "exists" and "consists of".
We are an intelligent system. The study of the artificial intelligent system's mental processes has permitted us to analyze the old philosophies and to select those portions that are applicable, thereby building a new world view. Also our analysis has permitted some new insights into such terms as "consciousness" and "concept."
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