|Intelligent Systems And Their Societies||Walter Fritz|
Realism says, "Reality exists independent from our mind and can be known".
Realism talks about reality as the cause of all sensations, the cause for all these electric impulses that are received by the brain. This cause is "something", the thing itself; it is not a concept and is not part of the mind. When realism says that this "something" can be known, this means that it can produce concepts and experiences in the mind. Here we have a philosophy that recognizes that there is something causing all the sensations. Something that causes all kinds of outputs. Of these, the artificial IS can sense some, like a touch on the keyboard or the mouse. Many others it cannot sense. Even a human can sense only a very narrow band of electromagnetic waves. The great majority of electromagnetic waves go undetected.
We persons observe that this "cause of all the sensations" exists independently of whether the artificial IS senses it or not. The artificial IS is able to abstract from its sensations and from primitive concepts. For instance it abstracts two situations into one, if it obtains the same results when performing the same response in both situations. The artificial IS assigns a new number to this abstract situation. Let's look at this process a little closer. When abstracting, the IS reads its own memories, knows its own memories. When a human knows its own memories and knows its experiences and objectives, we say that the human is conscious of its memories, experiences and objectives. When the artificial IS does the same, can we deny it "consciousness" ? The IS, abstracting from primitive sensations, forms higher and higher concepts, and finally it gains a concept structure that represents this cause of all sensations and that is useful in selecting responses and predicting future situations.
So Realism seems to be true, the "cause of all sensations" exists outside the mind. We may admit that the artificial IS can know reality, meaning that it can receive communications from it, transform them into information, namely sensations, and form concepts.
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